The term colopathy, also called colonpathy, literally means "suffering of the colon" and generally indicates any affection of the colon. In most cases, colopathies are accompanied by an altered trophism of the intestinal mucosa, as the state of nutrition of this tissue is compromised leading to changes in the bacterial flora, alterations in the permeability of the intestine, as well as the lack of epithelium repair capacity and of reactivity of the mucosal immune system.

The common denominator of these situations is intestinal dysbiosis: serious and/or prolonged impairment of the state of eubiosis, ie the balance and proper functioning of the intestinal bacterial flora, also known as "microbiota".

Under what conditions does an altered trophism of the intestinal mucosa occur?

  • Chronic Intestinal Diseases (such as Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis)
  • IBS (Irritable bowel syndromes)
  • Diverticulitis
  • Pelvic or abdominal radiotherapy
  • Bowel surgery
  • Intestinal infections
  • Antibiotic therapies
  • Prolonged use of antacids
  • Hormonal therapies
  • Prolonged use of laxatives
  • Recurrent vaginal infections
  • Intestinal disorders that are often seasonal or associated with specific wellknown situations (travel, stressful situations ...)
Besides these conditions, there are many factors that can affect the balance of the microbiota: first of all nutrition has a fundamental role and in particular an incorrect diet, excess sugar and alcohol abuse negatively affect altering eubiosis and contributing to the onset of dysbiosis.

How to recognize an intestinal dysbiosis?

The following conditions are often present on a gastrointestinal level:
  • bloating
  • meteorism
  • nausea
  • episodes of constipation alternating with diarrhea.
Other related disorders can be insomnia, mood disorders, nervousness, fatigue and general malaise.

What is the most suitable diet in case of dysbiosis?

Human body needs all kinds of nutrients to function properly. Some are essential to meet the need for energy, others to feed the continuous exchange of cells and other elements of the body, others to make physiological processes possible, others have protective functions. For this reason nutrition must be as varied and balanced as possible.

In the case of intestinal dysbiosis, the following types of foods are to be consumed which, in addition to providing noble proteins and trace elements such as zinc and selenium, can help us preserve the balance of the microbiota:
  • Cereal
  • Fruit and vegetables
  • Meat and fish
  • Cheese.

It is also important to:
  • Avoid seasoning fats, sugar and sugary foods, alcohol
  • Avoid large portions
  • Chew slowly
  • Split meals
  • Respect schedules and time of intake
  • Drink a lot of water.
In all cases of intestinal dysbiosis, it may be useful to use foods for special medical purposes, under the strict supervision of the doctor, containing substances that promote the restoration of normal eubiosis.
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